Tuesday , March 21 2023

Space: how far is it – where are we going? | Science


Where did travel to space?

Space flight is now a major industry. On April 12, 1961, Soviet cosmonaut Uri Gagarin reached the orbits around the world. While the UK continued to be a colonial power, the population still uses half of the fish to buy their fish and chips.

After that, more than 550 people have been shot dead in a deep abyss. But not everyone will agree that you will have to move far into place, so there is no acceptable international recognition. The number of females is three times the sex policies given by NASA and Rozosa Space Agency of Russia.

Where were we in Spain?

US President John F Kennedy's announcement that the United States would give a man to the moon in the 1960s, the Soviet Union was looking forward to the space race. On July 20, 1969 Apollo 11 touched our dusty neighbor's head.

Over the last few years, 12 people have gone through, all Americans, but nobody was there since 1972. In fact, most of the land took the land out.

We think astronauts floating on the surface of the lunar surface, or the lunar surface, but most of them walk in a terrestrial orbit – 99 and 100 Miles high. It's where the terrestrial and navigation satellites live, thousands of miles faster to avoid falling to the ground.

What are we doing there?

Although we do not go back to a deep place, humans are beginning to live and work outside the Earth's atmosphere, often checking whether there is a chance to reduce weight in the human body.

Space box 1

By 1986, the Soviet Union launched the Mir Space Station. When it came down to earth (thanks to being vacant or vacant) we launched our Space Outpost on the International Space Station (ISS). Since 2000 human beings live permanently in space. Once in three seconds, the speed around the world is 90 minutes.

What is the body of Spane?

Prior to knowing exactly how the physical organs affect humans, pioneers of the era of Mars or Asteroids can not pass through. USS's creeping capsules suggest that the former fighter pilot Scott Kelly, the long-time NASA astronomer, sought to understand the long-term effects of one year space travel. The record for the golden pay for the two-and-half years in the lifestyle of the golden padalka is a record of the record. But Kelly test has a double of the natural benefits of others.

By comparison with their bodies, scientists were able to see how the bones, muscles, and body parts were in space. The spacecraft has muscles that can keep muscles – there's a gym – no longer need them slowly – from slowly wasting. But they should wear a cover to keep them from being treaded open. A big problem was because the eyes were developed, but Kelly was firmly on his return to his body. He and the twins appeared in the same way – good news for future deep space missions.

Is in any countries Human space programs?

Only China, Russia and the United States are making human-made programs. Travelers from 40 countries, including a member of the Saudi royal family, have been given coverage to South African billionaire Mark Shuttleworth for up to 28 years.

How much does it cost them to send them?

The ISS is the most expensive machine manufactured on the price of $ 150bn (£ 115bn). Nasa's space shuttle program was spent on a few million dollar launch, promising access to safe and affordable space in the early 1970s. When the shuttle was launched in the shaftard in 2011, the total cost was $ 209bn – about $ 1.6bn.

The US also launched a major fight against the shuttle, a space similar to the Earth's atmosphere, a land-reaching orbit, and a possibility of a crediting option. Most space probe is the Russian space agency that sells the spacecraft. It ranges from $ 21 million to $ 82 million.

Is the cost man's space flight?

Anyone involved in space travel will ridicule it, but it's a good question, and space agencies often do not communicate their achievements. Nearly every area of ​​human progress has benefited from sending people to space. The creators of this effort forced the scientists to find new systems. The previous Apollo guide computer for the microcomputer now found on all the smartphones. Because of the research of space, there are more theaters. Observation of astronomy's distinction leads to the revolutionary method of helping patients on the planet. Scientists may work and develop differently in spin-off history to help prevent disease.

Others say that money is spent on the human-world economy. Spin-off companies from space research are expected to increase from seven to 14x. The world's most powerful global player, NASA, does not spend about twice that. The $ 19 billion US budget was spent in its budget, almost half of all federal expenditures. It was 4% to 5% in the early Apollo program.

How powerful is space cooperation between nations?

World War I was part of a chest of cold war. But since then, there was a lot more fun exploring the countries that were fighting each other. The ISS is a major empire between five space agencies (NASA, Rossummose, Japan, Japan, Panza european ESA, Canadian Space Agency), from 1998 to 13 years, adds cabbages such as the lago.

Space box 2

The big slander for this is China, which confined itself to Spain's lusts and did not send a space traveler to ISS. In 2006, the US The experimentation of the spacecraft against immigration satellites was an attempt to boycott or disrupt. The rest of the NASA and the Chinese agency banned cooperation.

However, the future of the effective human space flight is definitely more cooperative than not contradictory. Agencies have been trying to coordinate their dreams to one view of national transactions in 14 countries since 2011. The new project, published in January of this year, is to promote human presence in the Solar System, the public transport goal of Mars.

We're on the red planet, Harry!

Do not start the countdown yet. To go to Mars, most people in human astrology society must first go back to the moon. Ian Croftord, professor of astronomy at the University of Birmingham, London, said: "This is the only logical step." I'm all right to send it to Mars, but I think it's still far away from technology, inefficiency and experience ".

The moon has many advantages. It is not possible to travel for several months to Mars, but only within three days to set up a research center in Antartica. From their astrophysics, scientists can learn about radiation exposure and weight loss, which is very close to the Earth, but still more preparations for travel beyond the scene.

And so on And the moon

Okay. Not quite. The first space station to be built is the Global Exploration Road Map. Instead of traveling the earth, it travels in the orbit of the moon.

Will we ever reach Mars?

This is a mammoth feature, and it's wise to expect a serious delay. Henry Herzfeld, director of the Space Policy Institute at George Washington University in Washington DC, and former policy analyst at NASA. "The idea of ​​stabilizing people on Mars can last a long time, and if you read the policies, it's a long-term perspective without a date, but people may not have the technology to keep it in a deep place."

Who's the newest player in the human space return?

The US and Russia make way for new players. China reached an orbit in 2003, and India became the third country to be pursued in 2022. But what about the changing deviation from the private sector?

The Amazon CEO, Alon Musk, who is the founder of the Telsa electric cars, called "billionaires space race" Jeff Bezos and Virgin Bose Richard Branson want to visit private citizens. Human chalets are building their companies, spacecraft, blue origen, and virgin galactic, not cheaper.

They operate in commercial space flight companies that have already worked as contractors for national space agencies. Aeroospace industry has sent heavy loads of lorries to spacecraft Boeing and Lockheed Martin. But this is at least 350 mm. The new $ 90 shot in space excel is twice as much as the Falcon Heavy System.

The profit is saved by SpaceBox booking and reusable launches for $ 10bn, even rocket boosters will fall to the ground and dust to reuse.

In the next decade, if the ISS fault is more enthusiastic, many private initiatives are either taking up or rebuilding their space stations.

What's next

As government agencies prefer the moon, others look straight toward Mars. His life is aimed at creating a secure Mars colony for humans, including a tragic event on earth, a bomb or a artificial intelligence coup in terminator style. The Big Falcon Rocket (BFR), which claims to be able to send a red planet to mid-2020s, is developed by Spx.

The TFT rocket is inspired by the BFR. It is the largest brand made up of 40 THC capacities. Each passenger can carry over 100 passengers.

Like a healthy satellite launch business, space expenditure is spent by selling space exchanges and BFR tickets. The Japanese fashion billionaire and artist Yusaku Mesawa spent a year on a mission for 2023. He invites the artists for a week's trip to rehabilitate the public about the miracle of our cosmos.

Further reading

Life on Earth is an astronaut named Chris Hudfed

Space and Back, Sally Ride

The Right Stuff, Tom Wolf

The Marsian, Andy War

Tolerance: One year, the discovery of life, Scott Kelly

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