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Whose is the moon? The race to exploit the costumes of our satellites


Tuesday, January 22, 2019 13:15

Many companies look to the moon to search for the most valuable materials. But what are the laws to exploit and claim to be part of the Moon's surface?

About 50 years ago Neil Armstrong was walking to the Moon's feet. "This is a small step of humanity, a big step in humanity," said the American astronaut.

Shortly thereafter, his co-worker Bus Aldernan led him to calm the sea. Eagle climbing the steps of the Lunar Module, looking at the empty landscape of Åldrin, "about the great desolation".

Apollo 11's mission In July 1969, the moon was unfortunately not unfortunately: There was no man from 1972.

But many companies will be able to explore and explore resources from their surface as soon as possible.

The gold and platinum used in electronic equipment and some of the rare terrestrials are one of the most discussed resources.

In early January, China On the other side of the moon a quest, chains-4, cereal handled cereals On the surface of a biosphere (land brought from our earth). He is trying to establish a research base.

On the other hand, The Japanese company IcePoss has decided to build a geological transport platform on Earth.

Are there any rules to continue without the alteration of the alteration when these projects are going on?

Is it a natural satellite with the only Earth on earth to hoist earth and earth resources?

The ownership of astronomical objects is a disadvantage after the advent of space exploration in cold warfare.

When the aeronautics and space agency in the US (NASA) planned the first human chandras scheme, The UN signed an agreement in 1967 with countries such as the UN, the Soviet Union, and the United Kingdom.

The document stated: "Space is not subject to space, sovereignty, use, or employment, or other means of national sovereignty, including the moon and other celestial bodies."

Jones Wheeler, Special Director at the Space Exploration Alden Advisers, describes this deal as "Magnificent Cartoon".

He points out, "as if the Armstrong and his successors made a flag in the moon," "does not mean," it does not provide "binding rights" in individuals, companies or countries.

Practically speaking, the assets and mines of the Moon's property are of great importance. When technology developed in 1969, it is far and wide to exploit those resources for profit.

The moon's covenant

In 1979, the UN states that the "Treaty", known as the "Agreement", which regulates the tasks of the Moon and other bodies known as the Moon Contract.

Every work will be of peaceful necessity, and where and why the UN is planning to build a station.

The document points out that "the moon and its natural resources are a public heritage of humanity" and that such an exploitation is possible and an international administration must be set up to exploit such resources.

even though, Only 11 countries have agreed to the agreement. These are France and India. But China, the most important players in the space exploration, including USA, did not do that. United Kingdom.

In any case, Wheeler says "it is not easy" to implement the rules described in the contracts. In various countries, they contain documents that are signed by law and ensure that companies and people cooperate with them.

Space Law Journal Former Editor-in-Chief, Joanne Irene Gabriellis, agrees International agreements do not promise a guarantee. The application "politics, economy, a complex mixture of public opinion" Add

In recent years, existing contracts for denial of national ownership of celestial objects have suffered a great challenge in recent years.

USA Luxembourg

In 2015, USA approved commercial-licensed law enforcement laws, recognizing the rights of its citizens to extract from the asteroids. This does not apply to the moon, but peat can be developed.

Eric Anderson, the founder of the exploration company Planetary Resources, described this law as "the greatest recognition of the property rights in history".

In 2017, Luxembourg adopted its own legislation, and provided the same ownership for the resources available in Spain. Deputy Prime Minister Etten Shinidar said that this would make his country "a European pioneer in this region".

There is a willingness to explore and make money, and countries are under pressure to help their companies.

"The mining is intended to bring objects to the earth, or to keep them or to create them on the moon, and it is the opposite of not doing any harm", Helen Netbebeni, a British lawyer and lawyer for space policy, Nalegi, says.

Ntabeni points out that the US is able to argue that Luxembourg has breached the agreement on the United Nations Outer Space Convention.

"I think the high moral understanding of the world can explore with each other like the equal landscape," he writes.



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