The research at Peralman School of Medicine and School of Arts and Sciences plays a role in lifestyles, geography and genetics.
Our microbiologists, bacteria, complex society, nudity, parasites and other microorganisms in our bodies reflect the way we live. If you have a pet, you can share with them in microorganisms. If you consume meat, microorganisms in our bowels can be different from vegan.
In the field of study of the microorganisms that we bear in our minds and the impact of our health, a great deal of analysis is focused on people living in developed countries. For the past several years, scientists have begun to investigate whether microorganism exists in industrialized societies.
A new report published in the journal Genome BiologyHas made significant progress in addressing these questions. The study was prepared in collaboration with researchers from Tanzania, Botswana and the National Institutes of Health. It is a study that has been scrutinized by microbiologists of African descent. Botswan and the Tanzanian people from the seven peoples are a comparative group of America.
The results pointed to a broad range of microproham profiles. It follows a number of different lifestyles. From the Agropastoralist to the hunter of the West. The difference between industrial and industrialization is different from that. But there were unexpected similarities with the researchers.
"When we start this, the geneticist Sara Tishkoff says: Pen, a pencil in the pen, a professor of pen, says," My theory is the driving force for extracting the microscopic organism of these varieties. That's not it. "
In fact, samples collected by microbiologist Frederick Bushman at the Pencils Perlman School of Medicine, sampled from bands of people living in Botsana farms, collected from Philadelphia people and collected from the people of Philadelphia.
"Bacterial compounds were similar to the US community from some agricultural initiatives in Botswana," says Matthew Hansen, a scientist at the Tashkf Lab, a co-lead writer of the newspaper. "These are rural groups, they have a very different lifestyle, but they are very similar to microorganisms in the CPA."
Previous attempts to examine the groove microbiomes in rural Africa compares a single African nation to one or more people from the industrial nations. These early studies indicate the differences in groups. For example, the bearding of the beetles between Itanium and Haddah hunter has found several types of bacteria in Hadassa in Tanzania, which was previously not recognized by the population from the west.
In order to better understand the factors influencing the microbiotic diversity in rural African countries, the Tishkaf team collected samples from African nations seven miles away. From Tanzania to Hatsa Hunt, Masai Cattle, Sandhawe-Crooked Diseases, and Veterans of the Veterans and Burroughs Farmers till the late 19th century. From Botswana: Sun hunters, bare heterosehose heuristics, and bantu speaking farmers.
It is not a simple process for collecting material that the scientists of remote villages need to provide meat samples. Asenen Ranceraro said that the participants and scientists have learned from the earliest experiences to navigate cultural and logistical impediments to accelerate the process.
DNA extension was made from samples. Furthermore, 16 B.Com, the RBS and the RNA of the RNA gene and the findings of the researchers have been widely used in microbiology studies.
"Analysis allows you to turn the bacteria into various ways in the category of grams," said Migan Rubel, a doctor in Tisco's lab. "But in the sample databases we use, bacteria are based on industrialized or western groups, so people with traditional way of life have never seen before."
From the results they have achieved, the broader models quickly appeared. The samples in Bonswanan were different from Tanzania. The gravitational force from the Tanzanian population found high levels of microorganisms on each sample. In addition, similar microbiological profiles were shared. In Botswana, the microbiomes of individuals were much different from each other, although the total number of microorganisms in the samples were very low. The US samples also had the model of this imagination.
The researchers also assume that the "smokin gase" that describes this effect can not be analyzed, but it is possible that Botawana's relatively high levels of national wealth and medical attention are available.
"Botswana has diamonds, and relatively wealthy," says Tishchoff. "They have a free medical system and an independent education system that is very different from Tanzania."
"While there are groups of different groups in the African countries, where groups of such soft-scale industrialization take place in groups, all groups may have clinical protection to all kinds of foods." The use of antibiotics can really change the nutrient microbe, so people with more access will have changes marked in their microbial patterns. "
Researchers say such shifts will help explain the similarities between the Botswana and the US sample. More work needs to be done to confirm this.
However, Gout Microbium was immediately clear with the wide difference between the US and most African descent. In Africa, the frequency of certain bacterial groups can change people's population and lifestyle. For example, two of the hunters had different types of bacteria than the population of San, Hudsa, pastelist or farm. Also, in the population, especially in the Masaya and Hadza population, the researchers found significant differences in microorganisms in their microorganisms.
To understand more about what the bacteria in the gut really are doing, researchers look for a lot of molecules in various microorganisms in the given sample. Bisphenol A (Bisphenol A) frightening BPA in the plastics They found patterns that were damaged by environmental pollution involving the paste. Rubel, DDT, Birds & # 39; Eggs are banned in the United States since 1970.
DDT-collapsed tracks have been found in evidence in Bulsana. Chemicals continue to be used to control mosquito mammal diseases like malaria.
Researchers have raised a lot of interesting questions, and researchers hope to further expose the future, using more analytical, genetically-genial composition. They are examining the samples to see whether the presence of gastroastestinal labels may be preliminary. Influencing the influence of microorganisms in areas where such infections are high.
"Our work is developing an expanding description," Ruble says, "Microbomomoth Trends measure the industrialization of population. "
Scientists point out that even these faraway African peoples were not static in their lifestyle. The influence of its influence in the development, environment and traditional way of life manifests itself in the model of microorganisms.
Hansen says, "To do a lot of research on some of these groups," says Hansen. "In the next 20 years, it is important to change their lives very quickly, letting the change in this lifestyle find a change in microbomom."